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Proprietà intellettuale e brevetti

Matteo Cagnasso. Dottore in Biotecnologie Agrarie Vegetali. Ph.D. presso l’Università dell’Arizona.

Report held at Workshop: “Important Issues of Business Law” (Company Law, Artificial Intelligence & Intellectual Property Law) for Business People - Shinawatra University - 16 March 2018.

L’articolo offre una panoramica in tema di invenzioni industriali, sul regime legale ad esse applicabile al fine di garantirne la protezione e sui limiti della protezione medesima. Inoltre, vengono illustrati i requisiti necessari affinché un’invenzione possa essere brevettata, nonché gli strumenti legali cui può ricorrere il titolare di un brevetto laddove la propria invenzione venga illecitamente sfruttata. Vengono infine delineate le differenze tra invenzione brevettata, segreto industriale e marchio registrato.

IP and patents

The article deals with industrial inventions, the legal regime for the protections of such inventions and with the very limits of it.  Furthermore, the report illustrates the requisites necessary for an invention to get patented, as well as the legal instruments that can be resorted to by the patent holder in case of abuse by a third party (the so called “usurper”). Finally, the differences between patented invention, industrial secret and trademark are outlined.

The industrial invention is the solution of a technical problem, exceeding the normal knowledge in application of contemporary technique; a creative contribution of the human mind, suitable for industrial applications; an inventive step, a progress in general knowledge.

The inventions are intangible assets, which can be exploited by several subjects, without interfering each other: they are unlimitedly usable, both in time and in space. Consequently, the legal regime of property, which regulates the right of exploitation of tangible assets, cannot be applied to inventions.

If someone else exploits an invention, it does not prevent the author of the invention from exploiting it; therefore, while property rights are focused on granting the exploitation of tangible assets only to the owner, IP law is mainly focused on granting the power to prohibit the exploitation of intangible assets to third parties. Not infinite are ideas: the availability of innovative solutions is not unlimited, since inventions require preparation, time, capital, resources, networking; huge investments that require remuneration. These factors causes the scarcity of resources in the technical-scientific solutions.

A product obtainable from an invention is the result of the combination of material elements and an [continua..]

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